AI (Artificial Intelligence)

AI––the theory and development of computer systems able to perform tasks that normally require human intelligence, such as visual perception, speech recognition, decision-making, and translation between languages.

ORIGIN

The term AI or Artificial Intelligence was first introduced in 1956.

Machine Learning came later, in the '80s.

Deep Learning came to prominence around 2010.

THREE PARTS OF AI

Deep Learning is a branch of ML while ML is a part of AI.

BIG PROMISES, BIG EXPECTATIONS

In 1970, Marvin Minsky, one of the fathers of AI science, told Life Magazine, “[in] three to eight years we will have a machine with the general intelligence of an average human being.”

Obviously, he was wrong. But more and more people have started to believe that AI will exceed human intelligence in the near future.

EXPERT SYSTEMS

Expert Systems emulating the decision-making ability of a human expert were created in the 1970s and then proliferated in the 1980s.

Expert systems were among the first truly successful forms of AI software.

GHOST IN THE SHELL

In 1995, Ghost in the Shell, one of the most influential animes about the transhuman world with an augmented, connected society was released. The fascinating fictional world of Shirow Masamune is filled with millions of large and small details which makes it so realistic.

Ghost in the Shell influenced a number of prominent films such as The Matrix.

CHESS AI

In the historical 1997 face-off between Garry Kasparov and IBM’s Deep Blue in New York City, Deep Blue won by just a slight amount, 3½–2½.

QUIZ SHOW AI

In 2011, the IBM Watson computer won the Jeopardy show competition against two former winners.

AI CONCERNS

In 2016, more adults in Great Britain felt "skeptical" or "mistrustful" or even "frightened" by artificial intelligence than those who felt "optimistic" and "excited" (Statista).

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